Aristo Developing Skills Book 5 Set B Paper 3 Answer.pdf.17
After Madison’s successful effort in Philadelphia to win the delegates away from the federalists, the Washingtonians and their allies met in Annapolis to continue the debate. The federalists were strengthened by several changes in the proposed government that were made in response to the objections raised to the idea of a strong national government, and at the Annapolis convention in late May the radical party was broken. President Washington arrived in Philadelphia in June. In opposing the Virginia Plan, Washington had the support of John Dickinson and his allies as well as John Adams, Elbridge Gerry and Robert Morris. However, the weak political position in which they found themselves prevented Washington from having any significant influence on the debates.
At the Philadelphia Convention, the general public was intrigued by questions of individual rights raised by some of the delegates. The issues came to a head in the first two days of the Convention, when the nationalists and the federalists clashed over whether or not Congress should have the power to regulate foreign commerce. No single member was able to influence the outcome of the first two days of debates, and a disorganized convention continued to meet until July 7. The convention adjourned on July 8 to meet again in Annapolis, along with the Maryland Convention. In attendance were Madison, Rufus King, Gerry and Robert Morris. Washington remained in Philadelphia to continue his personal efforts to make the final decision himself. At the same time, Washington wrote letters to the other delegates to urge compromise and unity; John Marshall wrote Washington that the opposing sides were so divided that no compromise was possible, and that only complete unity could resolve the Convention. Washington was nevertheless so pleased with the work of the Convention that in his last letter to Congress he said that he would sign the Constitution.
At Annapolis in mid-July, nearly all the delegates from the several states were present. The large and growing minority of delegates who objected to the kind of government that Congress proposed were now represented, while the federalist force was as weak as it had been in Philadelphia. While the nationalism and federalism were still inextricably linked in the public mind, the opposition to Washington’s idea of a powerful national government had grown. In the week leading up to the vote on a Constitution, the delegates were told by current political opinion that the Federalists were the only effective force for a stronger national government. This small but vocal minority were vehemently opposed to the Constitution and constantly stirred up the delegates to oppose it as well.